There are two options for fuel level sensors that I looked at for my First is the standard float type sensor. As you fill the tank with fuel, the float floats, and raises the arm the higher the fuel level goes.
Pretty basic. While this is a simple system that can be bolted right in, it has a few draw backs. First, since the tank sits at an angle due to the dihedral in the wing, and the float sits at the inner edge of the tank, the float is fully submerged quite a bit before the tank is actually full.
They are accurate at the end however, where you really need it to be accurate. The arm could get stuck or the float could get saturated and stop floating. There is another option, though. This system is simply two aluminum plates that are screwed next to the first interior rib and the last interior rib. A capacitor is constructed of two parallel conductors insulated from each other.
The amount of capacitance is related to the distance between the conductors and the type of insulation. As the fuel lever changes, so does the capacitance. The capacitance is part of an oscillator circuit. As the capacitance changes, so does the oscillator frequency.
The frequency is converted to a voltage that is displayed with a fuel gauge. The advantage of a capacitance type fuel level probe is that there are no moving parts. The disadvantage is that the gauge must be calibrated each time that the type of fuel is changed because unleaded fuel and leaded fuel and gasohol each have different insulating properties.
When the fuel tank is almost full, the capacitance fuel gauge will display different levels depending on the type of fuel in the tank. When the tank is almost empty, the fuel gauge will be more accurate because air is now the insulating medium and the probe does not know or care what type of fuel used to be in the tank.
So I did what other people have done.In automobile and aircraft engineering a fuel gauge or gas gauge is an instrument used to indicate the amount of fuel in a fuel tank. The sending unit usually uses a float connected to a potentiometertypically printed ink design in a modern automobile. As the tank empties, the float drops and slides a moving contact along the resistor, increasing its resistance. Meanwhile, the indicator unit usually mounted on the dashboard is measuring and displaying the amount of electric current flowing through the sending unit.
When the tank level is high and maximum current is flowing, the needle points to "F" indicating a full tank. When the tank is empty and the least current is flowing, the needle points to "E" indicating an empty tank; some vehicles use the indicators "1" for full and "0" or "R" for empty instead.
The system can be fail-safe. If an electrical fault opens, the electrical circuit causes the indicator to show the tank as being empty theoretically provoking the driver to refill the tank rather than full which would allow the driver to run out of fuel with no prior notification. Corrosion or wear of the potentiometer will provide erroneous readings of fuel level.
However, this system has a potential risk associated with it. An electric current is sent through the variable resistor to which a float is connected, so that the value of resistance depends on the fuel level. In most automotive fuel gauges such resistors are on the inward side of the gauge, i.
Sending current through such a resistor has a fire hazard and an explosion risk associated with it. These resistance sensors are also showing an increased failure rate with the incremental additions of alcohol in automotive gasoline fuel. Alcohol increases the corrosion rate at the potentiometer, as it is capable of carrying current like water.
Potentiometer applications for alcohol fuel use a pulse-and-hold methodology, with a periodic signal being sent to determine fuel level decreasing the corrosion potential. Therefore, demand for another safer, non-contact method for fuel level is desired. Since the early s, many fuel gauges have included an icon with a fuel pump and an arrow, indicating the side of the vehicle on which the fuel filler is located.
After he proposed the idea, the Ford Escort and Mercury Tracer were the first vehicles to see it implemented. Other automotive companies noticed the addition and began to incorporate it into their own fuel gauges. Magnetoresistance type fuel level sensorsnow becoming common in small aircraft applications, offer a potential alternative for automotive use.
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Show 12 24 36 All per page.Aircraft Fuel System Indicators. Fuel Quantity Indicating Systems All aircraft fuel systems must have some form of fuel quantity indicator. These devices vary widely depending on the complexity of the fuel system and the aircraft on which they are installed. Simple indicators requiring no electrical power were the earliest type of quantity indicators and are still in use today.
The use of these direct reading indicators is possible only on light aircraft in which the fuel tanks are in close proximity to the cockpit. Other light aircraft and larger aircraft require electric indicators or electronic capacitance type indicators. A sight glass is a clear glass or plastic tube open to the fuel tank that fills with fuel to the same level as the fuel in the tank.
It can be calibrated in gallons or fractions of a full tank that can be read by the pilot. Another type of sight gauge makes use of a float with an indicating rod attached to it. As the float moves up and down with the fuel level in the tank, the portion of the rod that extends through the fuel cap indicates the quantity of fuel in the tank.
Figure 1. Figure 2. A float-type sight gauge fuel quantity indicator. Figure 3. Electric fuel quantity indicators are more common than mechanical indicators in modern aircraft. Most of these units operate with direct current DC and use variable resistance in a circuit to drive a ratiometer-type indicator.
The movement of a float in the tank moves a connecting arm to the wiper on a variable resistor in the tank unit. This resistor is wired in series with one of the coils of the ratiometer-type fuel gauge in the instrument panel.
Aircraft Fuel System Indicators
Changes to the current flowing through the tank unit resistor change the current flowing through one of the coils in the indicator. This alters the magnetic field in which the indicating pointer pivots. The calibrated dial indicates the corresponding fuel quantity.
Figure 4. Digital indicators are available that work with the same variable resistance signal from the tank unit. They convert the variable resistance into a digital display in the cockpit instrument head.
Figure 5. Digital fuel quantity gauges that work off of variable resistance from the tank unit are shown in A and B. The fuel quantity indication of a Garmin G flat screen display is shown in C. Large and high-performance aircraft typically utilize electronic fuel quantity systems. These more costly systems have the advantage of having no moving parts in the tank sending units.
Variable capacitance transmitters are installed in the fuel tanks extending from the top to the bottom of each tank in the usable fuel. Several of these tank units, or fuel probes as they are sometimes called, may be installed in a large tank. As the level of the fuel changes, the capacitance of each unit changes.
As the aircraft maneuvers, some probes are in more fuel than others due to the attitude of the aircraft.I think that this sensors are not as precise as they should be. Interesting - We actually exceed that sensor capability in the aviation environment Capacitive relies on the fuel to be a dielectric - variable fuel - variable results - variable temp - variable results - unless you invest to minimize the changes and then they need to be cleaned - Not a very good aviation solution.
Liquid Level Sensor can be used to identify the level of substances that can flow. There are various types of liquid level sensor used to detect the point level of a liquid.
Fuel Sending Units
Some types use a magnetic float, which rise and fall with the liquid in the container. Liquid Level Sensor. Are you looking for a level sensor. You will find various types of Tank level sensor in market, where some of them are cheap and some of them are too costly to buy and also you have to think about price. Icon process Control offering you the best quality Tank Level Sensor with an affordable price.
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They asked us if we could build a fuel level sensor for the po pular Van's Aircraft Series. We thought about it - it was easy to do on initial thought used the same housing as the Cirrus System.
Capacitance is a compromised solution for aviation fuel level - the no moving concept is good if it works all the time or doesn't need cleaning or temperature calibration.
The capacitive system used in some Van's aircraft is not set up for replacement or maintenance - something the Big Boy OEM c apacitive probes employ. Fuels can have a vastly different dielectric constant - and this translates directly to fuel level. AutoGas is close but not the same as AVgas and ethanol is grossly different.
This didn't pass the sniff test. Floats by design - float on the surface of the fuel and you miss some. In review of the RV tank and wing dihedral, a capacitive plate may not measure full fuel as well. This is a well known and in an aircraft fuel tank, a quarter of a inch can represent many gallons.
So the general assumption in aviation is that float sensors are not as effective. That is generally what we hear in the certified world as well.Whether it's an off-the-shelf solution or a custom production run designed to your precise specifications, KUS products are manufactured to the highest tolerances. While our products have been proven in the most grueling of operating conditions, whether on land or sea over many years, we are dedicated to research and development - continually producing innovative solutions to meet the needs of markets around the world.
There is more to KUS than simply providing the right product at the right price. Available in a variety of sizes and configurations. Whether you're specifying gauges for the truck, marine, or power generator industry, KUS gauges and instruments are built to perform. KUS products are certified for the NMEA network, ensuring for an easy plug and play, and performance out in the open water. With over 30 years of manufacturing and design experience, KUS has the capabilities and experience to come up with custom designed solutions for your applications.How To: Cut capacitance type fuel level sender
Learn More '; document. For quality and performance, rely on the world leader in level sensors and sensing solutions. The Products You Demand The Service You Deserve. Exhaust Aftertreatment. Liquid Level Sender. Gauge Instrumentation. NMEA Certified. Company News.Please check the boxes for the options that you would like to add.
Leave all boxes unchecked for unit only. Perfect for my MG TD which has a 19 deep fuel tank and came with only a low fuel warning float sensor, which is stuck low. These work great. Horrible luck! Once it was installed it worked great.
And there is no calibration on the sender itself because the voltage stays within limits of 0. It worked. Easily bendable. Careful not to bend it beyond its radius limit, or below its black mark. The other senders did not include the mark, adding to the confusion. Worked very well for my application, did not give 5 stars due to the fact that it looks nothing like the picture it is not adjustable as the picture would suggest Nor does it have the screws on the top which would have worked better for me.
I have the Taskem EFI and it worked very well with it and priced right as well. Per MGL: This probe comes with the wires needed for use.
The probe tube will have a black mark showing the end of the bendable area from the mounting base. It is inches long.
Capacitive Fuel Level Senders
We do not have any data to support use of MGL senders with out manufacturer systems. They very well may work, but we cannot guarantee or recommend it. Quick Shop. Length Quantity. Your Cart. Quantity Delete. Add Options.
Add to cart. Senders are produced by Centroid Products. The senders can be bent above the black mark on the probe first several inches onlyand they can be cut to length. Q: Does this fuel level probe come with the electrical wires attached or do I have to attach my own wires?
This is for a top down seat fuel tank for an experimental gyroplane. View in Catalog View in Catalog.