Docker Compose relies on Docker Engine for any meaningful work, so make sure you have Docker Engine installed either locally or remote, depending on your setup. On desktop systems like Docker Desktop for Mac and Windows, Docker Compose is included as part of those desktop installs.

On Linux systems, first install the Docker Engine for your OS as described on the Get Docker page, then come back here for instructions on installing Compose on Linux systems. To run Compose as a non-root user, see Manage Docker as a non-root user. Follow the instructions below to install Compose on Mac, Windows, Windows Serveror Linux systems, or find out about alternatives like using the pip Python package manager or installing Compose as a container.

The instructions below outline installation of the current stable release v1. To install a different version of Compose, replace the given release number with the one that you want.

Compose releases are also listed and available for direct download on the Compose repository release page on GitHub. To install a pre-release of Compose, refer to the install pre-release builds section. Docker Desktop for Mac and Docker Toolbox already include Compose along with other Docker apps, so Mac users do not need to install Compose separately. Docker install instructions for these are here:. Docker Desktop for Windows and Docker Toolbox already include Compose along with other Docker apps, so most Windows users do not need to install Compose separately.

If you are running the Docker daemon and client directly on Microsoft Windows Server, follow the instructions in the Windows Server tab. Follow these instructions if you are running the Docker daemon and client directly on Microsoft Windows Server with Docker Engine - Enterpriseand want to install Docker Compose. Search for PowerShell, right-click, and choose Run as administrator. When asked if you want to allow this app to make changes to your device, click Yes.

Because this directory is registered in the system PATHyou can run the docker-compose --version command on the subsequent step with no additional configuration. Follow the instructions from the link, which involve running the curl command in your terminal to download the binaries. These step-by-step instructions are also included below.

For alpinethe following dependency packages are needed: py-pippython-devlibffi-devopenssl-devgcclibc-devand make. To install a different version of Compose, substitute 1. If you have problems installing with curlsee Alternative Install Options tab above. Note : If the command docker-compose fails after installation, check your path. Optionally, install command completion for the bash and zsh shell.

Compose can be installed from pypi using pip. If you install using pipwe recommend that you use a virtualenv because many operating systems have python system packages that conflict with docker-compose dependencies. See the virtualenv tutorial to get started. Compose can also be run inside a container, from a small bash script wrapper.

To install compose as a container run this command:. Follow the instructions from the link, which involves running the curl command in your terminal to download the binaries.

Pre-release builds allow you to try out new features before they are released, but may be less stable. This is because, as of version 1.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time.

Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. How can you run GUI applications in a Docker container? Are there any images that set up vncserver or something so that you can - for example - add an extra speedbump sandbox around say Firefox?

Xauthority becomes an issue with newer systems. Typical Xauthority files are hostname specific. With docker, each container can have a different host name set with docker run -hbut even setting the hostname of the container identical to the host system did not help in my case.

docker compose gui

Hence we get an error message 'No protocol specified Cannot open display'. The Xauthority file can be written in a way so that the hostname does not matter. We need to set the Authentication Family to 'FamilyWild'. I am not sure, if xauth has a proper command line for this, so here is an example that combines xauth and sed to do that. We need to change the first 16 bits of the nlist output. The value of FamilyWild is or 0xffff. I just found this blog entry and want to share it here with you because I think it is the best way to do it and it is so easy.

With docker data volumes it's very easy to expose xorg's unix domain socket inside the container. This of course is essentially the same as X-forwarding. It grants the container full access to the xserver on the host, so it's only recommended if you trust what's inside. Note: If you are concerned about security, a better solution would be to confine the app with mandatory- or role-based- access control.

Docker achieves pretty good isolation, but it was designed with a different purpose in mind. This allows you to package many gui apps in docker. Firefox and emacs have been tested so far. With firefox, webGL doesn't work though.The Docker API has allowed for a plethora of options for interfacing with Docker, your containers, and images to emerge from CLIs to desktop applications and web-based management tools.

I am a fan of graphical user interfaces and thought it was time to survey the current landscape of GUIs for interacting with Docker. I will use the WordPress Docker Compose example to test each of these options, as it has multiple containers, sets up links and networks between them, and is sufficiently complex for an example.

When Kitematic first emerged, it was one of the few GUI options available, and when Docker acquired the project in OctoberI had high hopes for its development. Sadly, it has changed little since the acquisition, and it has remained in a permanent beta. I have found it a great way to learn Docker; you can create containers visually and then dig into the possible configuration options and understand what they are and do.

Portainer formerly UI for Docker is a free open-source web application that runs as a container itself. You can install and start it with:. Portainer makes wide use of the Docker API to handle its interactions and monitoring, but for automation, also exposes its own API and template file format.

Portainer covers most major areas of Docker you would want to interact with, offering creation, editing, management, monitoring and deletion of containers, as well as the ability to add, remove, and view images, networks, and volumes, but not edit them. Helpfully, the overview page includes basic logging and monitoring features, giving an easy overview for troubleshooting.

For remote clusters, you can also jump straight into a console straight in the browser. Portainer adds user management that lets you define the levels of access team members have to Portainer, and what aspects of Docker they can manage from within Portainer.

The screenshot below shows restricting access to the Portainer container to a certain user and role. App templates add a level on top of Dockerfiles and Compose files in a custom JSON format and allow you to create a Docker application using all the standard and custom functionality that Portainer offers. Sign up for a free Codeship Account hbspt. You first create your project and set a docker-compose.

If you click the pencil icon next to the current cluster address, you will notice that you can add more, making Dockstation useful for managing more than one cluster in the same interface. It also provides a search field to look for particular images or containers across all those clusters.

With a similar set of features to the other web-based GUIs mentioned in this article, Shipyard provides an interface to your containers, images, and Docker instances. Start it running with this one command that handles multiple operating systems:. Start the sample application and then click on the WordPress container. Its most comprehensive standout features are the container creation screen and the ability to add private repositories.

Compared to the other web-based options, it was also the easiest to start and deploy, working perfectly on Docker for Mac. Once again it runs in its own container:. Open your browser and you can create your own project from scratch or use one of the templates provided. To start the UI with a preexisting docker-compose. Not specifically for managing containers but for analyzing images, MicroBadger digs into image files to show the layers and commands within them, their dependencies, and their impact on your application.

For example, analyzing the WordPress image :. You can add badges to your image repositories to show potential users what the impact on their projects might be. Reflecting this focus on production, Rancher is designed to work on Linux machines, so to test locally you might need to install onto a Virtual Machine.

Install Docker Compose

I was also able to get it running on my Mac with the instructions herebut your mileage may vary. Using Rancher offers more than the other options here but is also far more complex.On this page you build a simple Python web application running on Docker Compose. The application uses the Flask framework and maintains a hit counter in Redis.

Make sure you have already installed both Docker Engine and Docker Compose. Create a file called app. We use the default port for Redis, This basic retry loop lets us attempt our request multiple times if the redis service is not available. In a cluster, this also helps handling momentary connection drops between nodes. Create another file called requirements. In this step, you write a Dockerfile that builds a Docker image.

docker compose gui

The image contains all the dependencies the Python application requires, including Python itself. In your project directory, create a file named Dockerfile and paste the following:. For more information on how to write Dockerfiles, see the Docker user guide and the Dockerfile reference. Create a file called docker-compose. This Compose file defines two services: web and redis. It then binds the container and the host machine to the exposed port, This example service uses the default port for the Flask web server, The redis service uses a public Redis image pulled from the Docker Hub registry.

From your project directory, start up your application by running docker-compose up. Compose pulls a Redis image, builds an image for your code, and starts the services you defined.

In this case, the code is statically copied into the image at build time. Switch to another terminal window, and type docker image ls to list local images.Multiple containers can run on the same machine and share the OS kernel with other containers, each running as isolated processes in user space.

Containers take up less space than VMs container images are typically tens of MBs in sizeand start almost instantly. A container image is a lightweight, stand-alone, executable package of a piece of software that includes everything needed to run it: code, runtime, system tools, system libraries, settings.

They have better performance characteristics than virtual machines that only get virtual access to host resources through a hypervisor. Containers can get native access, each one running in a discrete process, taking no more memory than any other executable. Docker as we know,is an open platform for developers and sysadmins to build, ship, and run distributed applications, whether on laptops, data center VMs, or the cloud.

The Docker API has allowed limitless options for interfacing with Docker engine, containers, and images to emerge from CLIs to desktop applications and web-based management tools. Everything the Docker client can do can be done with the API. Kitematic is a simple application for managing Docker containers on Mac, Linux and Windows.

Kitematic automates the Docker installation and setup process and provides an intuitive graphical user interface GUI for running Docker containers. Portainer is meant to be as simple to deploy as it is to use.

docker compose gui

It consists of a single container that can run on any Docker engine can be deployed as Linux container or a Windows native container. Portainer allows you to manage your Docker containers, images, volumes, networks and more!

It is compatible with the standalone Docker engine and with Docker Swarm mode. Portainer covers most major areas of Docker you would want to interact with, offering creation, editing, management, monitoring and deletion of containers, as well as the ability to add, remove, and view images, networks, and volumes, but not edit them. Public demo is available at demo. DockStation is a developer-centric application for managing projects based on Docker.

Instead of lots of CLI commands you can monitor, configure, and manage services and containers while using just a GUI. DockStation can be downloaded from GitHub here. Built on Docker SwarmShipyard gives you the ability to manage Docker resources including containers, images, private registries and more. Shipyard manages containers, images, nodes, private registries cluster-wide as well as providing authentication and role based access control. The application can be deployed as a single container, there are no dependencies nor databases to install.

Rancher is an open source software platform that enables organizations to run and manage Docker and Kubernetes in production. With Rancher, organizations no longer have to build a container services platform from scratch using a distinct set of open source technologies.

Rancher supplies the entire software stack needed to manage containers in production. Rancher offers similar features to other web-based GUIs but offers interface elements to add the extra features that Rancher offers. For example, to change the number of WordPress instances, click the plus or minus icons on the container page.

The normal resource constraints apply for scaling container instances, e.

Get started with Docker Compose

Also published on Medium. Quick Snapshot. Subscribe to emails updates! Promotion available in the US only. Like this: Like Loading As containers take root, dozens of tools have sprung up to support them. Publisher Name. Tagged with: docker.Comment 1. The Docker API has allowed for a plethora of options for interfacing with Docker, your containers, and images to emerge from CLIs to desktop applications and web-based management tools.

I am a fan of graphical user interfaces and thought it was time to survey the current landscape of GUIs for interacting with Docker.

I will use the WordPress Docker Compose example to test each of these options, as it has multiple containers, sets up links and networks between them, and is sufficiently complex for an example. When Kitematic first emerged, it was one of the few GUI options available, and when Docker acquired the project in OctoberI had high hopes for its development.

Sadly, it has changed little since the acquisition, and it has remained in a permanent beta. I have found it a great way to learn Docker; you can create containers visually and then dig into the possible configuration options and understand what they are and do.

You can install and start it with:. Portainer makes wide use of the Docker API to handle its interactions and monitoring, but for automation, also exposes its own API and template file format.

Portainer covers most major areas of Docker you would want to interact with, offering creation, editing, management, monitoring and deletion of containers, as well as the ability to add, remove, and view images, networks, and volumes, but not edit them. Helpfully, the overview page includes basic logging and monitoring features, giving an easy overview for troubleshooting. For remote clusters, you can also jump straight into a console straight in the browser.

Portainer adds user management that lets you define the levels of access team members have to Portainer, and what aspects of Docker they can manage from within Portainer. The screenshot below shows restricting access to the Portainer container to a certain user and role.

App templates add a level on top of Dockerfiles and Compose files in a custom JSON format and allow you to create a Docker application using all the standard and custom functionality that Portainer offers. Dockstation is another "native" well, Electron-based application that looks a lot like Kitematic, but works from a different, "project" perspective. You first create your project and set a docker-compose. The application is in its early days with interface quirks e.

If you click the pencil icon next to the current cluster address, you will notice that you can add more, making Dockstation useful for managing more than one cluster in the same interface. It also provides a search field to look for particular images or containers across all those clusters. With a similar set of features to the other web-based GUIs mentioned in this article, Shipyard provides an interface to your containers, images, and Docker instances.

Start it running with this one command that handles multiple operating systems:. Start the sample application and then click on the WordPress container. Its most comprehensive standout features are the container creation screen and the ability to add private repositories. Compared to the other web-based options, it was also the easiest to start and deploy, working perfectly on Docker for Mac. Once again, it runs in its own container:. Open your browser and you can create your own project from scratch or use one of the templates provided.

To start the UI with a pre-existing docker-compose. Not specifically for managing containers but for analyzing images, MicroBadger digs into image files to show the layers and commands within them, their dependencies, and their impact on your application. For example, analyzing the WordPress image :.

You can add badges to your image repositories to show potential users what the impact on their projects might be. Reflecting this focus on production, Rancher is designed to work on Linux machines, so to test locally you might need to install onto a Virtual Machine.

I was also able to get it running on my Mac with the instructions herebut your mileage may vary. Using Rancher offers more than the other options here but is also far more complex.

For example, Rancher supports Docker Compose but extends it with Rancher Compose to add health checks, scaling, and other features.Looking for Compose file reference? Find the latest version here. Compose is a tool for defining and running multi-container Docker applications. Then, with a single command, you create and start all the services from your configuration. To learn more about all the features of Compose, see the list of features.

Compose works in all environments: production, staging, development, testing, as well as CI workflows. You can learn more about each case in Common Use Cases. Define the services that make up your app in docker-compose. Run docker-compose up and Compose starts and runs your entire app.

For more information about the Compose file, see the Compose file reference. Compose uses a project name to isolate environments from each other.

You can make use of this project name in several different contexts:. The default project name is the basename of the project directory. Compose preserves all volumes used by your services. When docker-compose up runs, if it finds any containers from previous runs, it copies the volumes from the old container to the new container. If you use docker-compose on a Windows machine, see Environment variables and adjust the necessary environment variables for your specific needs.

Grafische Oberflächen - Docker-Tutorial 5/6

Compose caches the configuration used to create a container. When you restart a service that has not changed, Compose re-uses the existing containers. Re-using containers means that you can make changes to your environment very quickly. Compose supports variables in the Compose file.


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